DESHIDRATACION EN PEDIATRIA PDF

Salud Publica Mex ; Resumen Objetivo. El promedio de gasto fecal en el grupo AL fue Oral rehydration in continuous administration or in fractionated doses in dehydrated children with acute diarrhea. To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of two oral rehydration techniques. Material and Methods.

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Salud Publica Mex ; Resumen Objetivo. El promedio de gasto fecal en el grupo AL fue Oral rehydration in continuous administration or in fractionated doses in dehydrated children with acute diarrhea. To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of two oral rehydration techniques. Material and Methods. A randomized clinical trial was conducted at the oral rehydration unit of Hospital Infantil de Mexico "Federico Gomez", between September and June Forty patients five-year old and younger children, dehydrated due to acute diarrhea, were given oral rehydration solution ORS ad libitum AL group ; another forty patients received ORS in fractionated doses FD group.

Clinical characteristics were similar in both groups. Results are presented as means, standard deviations and medians, according the distribution of simple and relative frequencies. The mean stool output in the AL group was One patient in the AL group and two in the FD group had persistent vomiting that improved with gastroclisis.

No patient required intravenous rehydration. These results suggest that ORS administration ad libitum under supervision, is a technique as safe and effective as the fractionated doses technique, for the treatment of dehydrated children due to acute diarrhea. Se excluyeron los pacientes con diarrea por V. La orina y las evacuaciones se cuantificaron por medio de bolsas colectoras. A las madres de los pacientes en el grupo AL, se les proporcionaron ml de SO para administrarlo a su hijo a continuamente con taza y cuchara.

Se incluyeron en el estudio 80 pacientes, 40 en cada grupo. Diez pacientes del grupo AL En estos casos, la mediana de gasto fecal fue mayor en el grupo AL: 8. Cholerae, por ejemplo, ocasionan diarreas de gasto fecal elevado. Water with sugar and salt.

Lancet ;1: Hirschhorn N. The treatment of acute diarrhea in children. An historical and physiological perspective. Am J Clin Nutr ; Oral fluid therapy of Apache children with acute infectious diarrhoea. Lancet ; A manual for the treatment of diarrhea. Rev 2. Clemens ML. J Trop Med Hyg ; Oral rehydration solution with and without bicarbonate. Arch Dis Child ; Decrease in net stool output in cholera during intestinal perfusion with glucose containing solution.

N Engl J Med ; Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex ; Rapid diagnosis of rotavirus infection by direct detection of viral nucleic acid in silver stained polyacrilamide gels. J Clin Microbiol ; Winkel P, Statland BE.

Barcelona: Salvat Editores, Rice solution and World Health Organization Solution by gastric infusion for high stool output diarrhea. AJDC ; Brown G. Sample size. Interrelationship between the absorption of glucose, sodium and water by the normal human jejunum.

Clin Sci ; Lifshitz F, Wapnit RA. Oral hydration solutions: Experimental optimization of water and sodium absorption. J Pediatr ; Clinical characteristics of transient glucose intolerance during acute diarrhoea.

Acta Paediatr ; Ruuska T, Vesikari T. Rotavirus disease in Finnish children: Use of numerical scores for clinical severity of diarrhoeal episodes. Scand J Infect Dis ; Clinical characteristics and risk factors for Vibrio cholerae infection in children. Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Servicios Personalizados Revista. Similares en SciELO.

Resultados Se incluyeron en el estudio 80 pacientes, 40 en cada grupo. Referencias 1.

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