Summary : The English translation of the Brahmanda Purana, one of the eighteen major puranas and one of the oldest: dataing to at least the 4th-century CE. The contents include common Puranic elements such as cosmogony, genealogy, ethics, geography and yoga. Besides covering a vast amount of encyclopedic topcs, the Brahmanda Purana also contains a copy of the Adhyatma Ramayana as well as the Lalita Sahasranama. Traditionally, the Brahmandapurana is said to consist of 12, verses metrical Sanskrit verses, however, the more important manuscript contains over 14, shlokas. Source: archive.
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The text is named after one of the cosmological theories of Hinduism, namely the "cosmic egg" Brahma-anda. The Brahmanda Purana is notable for including the Lalita Sahasranamam a stotra praising Goddess as the supreme being in the universe , and being one of the early Hindu texts found in Bali , Indonesia, also called the Javanese-Brahmanda.
The Brahmanda Purana is one of the oldest Puranas, but estimates for the composition of its earliest core vary widely. The text underwent continuous revisions after the 10th-century, and new sections probably replaced older ones.
The 13th-century Yadava dynasty scholar Hemadri quoted large parts of the then existing Brahmanda Purana , but these parts are not found in currently surviving versions of the same text, suggesting that the 13th-century version of this Purana was different in many respects than extant manuscripts.
The Adhyatma-ramayana , the most important embedded set of chapters in the extant versions of the Purana, is considered to have been composed centuries later, possibly in the 15th-century, and is attributed to Ramananda — the Advaita scholar and the founder of the Ramanandi Sampradaya, the largest monastic group in Hinduism and in Asia in modern times.
A Javanese Brahmanda palm-leaf manuscript was discovered in Indonesia in the midth century by colonial-era Dutch scholars, along with other Puranas. The published manuscript of the Brahmanda Purana have three Bhaga parts. These published text has a cumulative total of chapters. Other unpublished versions of the manuscripts exist, states Rocher, preserved in various libraries.
The Nasiketopakhyana text, which is embedded inside this Purana, for example exists in 18 chapters in one version and 19 chapters in another, in a form that Moriz Winternitz termed as a "beautiful old legend" of Nachiketa found in the ancient Katha Upanishad. The tradition and other Puranas assert that the Brahmanda Purana had 12, verses, but the published Venkateshwar Press version of manuscript contains 14, verses. This suggests that older versions of the Indian text may have been smaller, in a different style, and without prophecy-related sections, although tradition informs the opposite an even larger source.
Ahimsa non-violence , is the gateway to Dharma. Avoid retaliating, it is the way to Moksha. The text is encyclopedic. It describes Goddess Lalita an avatar of Parashakthi , verses on her worship as well a discussion of Tantra. It is on Goddess Lalita's emergence out of fire after the king of gods Indra worshipped Devi Goddess representing the supreme reality. It includes her war with Asura Bhanda and her final triumph.
The Adhyatma Ramayana , a text consisting about verses in 65 chapters and divided into seven kanda s. The Nasiketopkhyana , a text in 18 chapters, the Pinakinimahatmya , a text in 12 chapters, the Virajakshetramahatmya and the Kanchimahatmya , a text in 32 chapters are embedded in this Purana. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Other scriptures. Bhagavad Gita Agamas. Ramayana Mahabharata. Shastras and sutras. Chronology of Hindu texts. Violence or non-violence? The Puranas in S.
Radhakrishnan ed. The Cultural Heritage of India , Vol. Motilal Banarsidass Reprinted Org, pages , Note: the verse numbering is different in this manuscript version; see verses in chapter 2. In Jan Gonda ed. A History of Indian Literature. II, Epics and Sanskrit religious literature, Fasc. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. Oxford University Press. Categories : Puranas.
Shruti Smriti. Other scriptures Bhagavad Gita Agamas. Itihasa Ramayana Mahabharata. Timeline Chronology of Hindu texts.
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The text is named after one of the cosmological theories of Hinduism, namely the "cosmic egg" Brahma -anda. It is among the oldest Puranas, the earliest core of the text may be from the 4th-century CE, continuously edited thereafter over time and it exists in numerous versions. Most later scholarship places this text to be from centuries later, in the 4th- to 6th-century of the common era. The text underwent continuous revisions after the 10th-century, and new sections probably replaced older ones. Many of these chapters turned out to be fraudulent, sold by imposters in the 19th century. Later rare compilations claiming to be the entire Purana emerged, states Wilson. These published text has a cumulative total of chapters.