He was a grammarian , author , scholar and theologian. He was born in a Hindu family to father Hiranand and was named Natthu Ram. Whilst at junior school, he saw Sikh soldiers and was so impressed with them that he decided to keep unshorn hair. In , when he was in the ninth grade he became Amritdhari and gave himself the name of " Sahib Singh ". At that time he stopped learning Persian and started learning Sanskrit , which later on helped him in understanding Guru Granth Sahib. After passing the tenth grade, Sahib Singh joined a local school.
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He was originally named Natthu Ram by his father, Hiranand, who kept a small shop in the village. Soon the family shifted to Tharpal, another village in the same district. As a youth, Natthu Rain was apprenticed to the village Maulawi, Hayat Shah, son of the famous Punjabi poet, Hasham, upon whom his royal patron, Ranjit Sirigh, the Maharaja of the Punjab, had settled a permanent jagir.
Winning a scholarship at his middle standard examination, Natthu Ram joined the high school at Pasrur where he received in the rites of the Khalsa and his new name Sahib Singh. The untimely death of his father made the situation hard for him, yet he managed to plough through first Dyal Sirigh College, Lahore, and then the Government College, Lahore.
At the latter, he obtained his bachelor's degree. Sahib Sihgh, now commonly known as Professor Sahib Singh, took part in the Gurdwara Reform movement in the twenties of the century. He was appointed joint secretary of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in During this period he suffered jail twice-once during the Guru ka Bagh agitation and then in the Jaito morcha In he returned briefly to his college in Gujranwala which he soon quit to join the Khalsa College at Amritsar.
From to he remained at Khalsa College producing a succession of learned works and commentaries on the Sikh sacred texts. Retiring from the Khalsa College, Amritsar, after many a long year of unbroken and luminous scholarly work, he became principal of the Shahid Sikh missionary College. He also worked as principal at the Gurmat College, Patiala. Professor Sahib Singh was known for his erudition and assiduous pursuit of scholarship.
Nearly 50 of his works were published between and These included exposition of several of the Sikh sacred texts and his monumental volume commentary on Sikh Scripture, Sri Guru Granth Sahib Darpan, published during A most original and earlier work was his Gurbani Viakaran, a textual grammar of the Guru Granth Sahib.
No exegetical work since the publication of this book in has been possible without resort to the fundamental principles enunciated in it, especially those concerning the interpretation of vowel endings in inflexions of nouns and verbs. Sahib Singh made a notable contribution to Punjabi prose through his essays on moral and spiritual themes, religious philosophy and issues in history arid biography.
Sahib Singh's contribution to Sikh studies and Punjabi letters received wide recognition in his own lifetime. The Punjabi Sahitya Akademi, Ludhiana, honoured him in with a life fellowship, and Punjabi University, Patiala, conferred upon him, in , the degree of Doctor of Literature honoris causa.
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