NCBI Bookshelf. Reinisch J. Each Allied army brought with them a mixed set of expectations, and an ambiguous and ultimately limited collection of plans for how to proceed after defeat. Many questions had been left out entirely, other policies were vague or contradictory. Manuals instructed troops to be strict in their dealings with the Germans, and were reinforced by images from the liberated concentration camps and other gruelling discoveries, confirming the extent of German barbarity. But these sentiments combined with war fatigue, a realization of the scope of destruction in Germany, and a budding sense of sympathy with the defeated, to form an incongruous and unpredictable mix.
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Gallery view Page image PDF of section Germany and Austria V. Page V. The basic principles and objectives of occupa- tion policy were set forth in the Directive to the Commander in Chief of United States Forces of Occupation of 'Germany J. For the text of the Directive and the statement made.
Documents relating to political structure, law, administration, economic policies, and educa- tional, informational, cultural, and religious developments in the United 'States zone of occupation in Germany in are included in Germany and in James K.
Pollock, James H. Meisel, and Henry L. Bretton eds. Guy A. High iCommissioner for Germany, December , lists more than thirty historical mono- graphs covering most aspects of occupation policy in the United States, zone. Of particular note in connection with activities in are J.
Kormann, U. Denazification Policy in Germany , 'and J. The planning in for the transfer of responsi- bility for the occupation in Germany from the Department of the
This included the removal or destruction of all industrial plants and equipment in the Ruhr. While the Morgenthau Plan had some influence until July 10, adoption of JCS on Allied planning for the occupation of Germany, it was not adopted. US occupation policies aimed at "industrial disarmament",  but contained a number of deliberate "loopholes", limiting any action to short-term military measures and preventing large-scale destruction of mines and industrial plants, giving wide-ranging discretion to the military governor and Morgenthau's opponents at the War Department. When the Morgenthau Plan was published by the US press in September it was immediately seized upon by the Nazi German government, and used as part of propaganda efforts in the final seven months of the war in Europe which aimed to convince Germans to fight on. The original memorandum, written sometime between January and early September , signed by Morgenthau, and headed "Suggested Post-Surrender Program for Germany" is preserved at the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum.
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