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Gardening in Spain reflects the different styles of Spanish art , including influences from Roman , Islamic , Italian , French , and English gardens. Modern Spanish gardening emphasize gardens and their surroundings, focusing heavily on both urban horticulture and landscape architecture.
Spanish gardens are affected by the climate and orography of Spain. The ground in Spain is generally drier than in its neighboring countries of Portugal and France. High levels of summer solar radiation in Spain have led to the creation of smaller, indoor gardens. There are many historical parks and gardens in Spain. The first Spanish botanical garden was created near Valencia in Up until the 19th century, the majority of gardens were promoted by the royalty and the aristocracy.
After that, social changes facilitated the creation of parks and public gardens for the use and enjoyment of all citizens. Urban gardening evolved during the 20th century, as well as ecological awareness, which has led to the creation of new parks around Spain.
Gardening in Spain began during the Roman period. Ancient Rome was very advanced in regards to its architecture and engineering, and their aqueducts helped irrigate gardens in remote areas.
Because of this, they were able to create swimming pools and lakes, which emphasized the beauty of the gardens. Roman gardens were linked to the domus , the home of the Roman upper class. The entrances of these homes were typically decorated with sculptures and led to gardens containing Mediterranean vegetation. This model also arose the villa , a rustic farm that generally served to accommodate middle-class civilians.
There were also urban gardens were organized around an atrium and served as a communal area for all the social classes. The center of atriums had a lake decorated with mosaics , vases, or statues, and walls decorated with frescos. Roman gardens usually had structural and architectural elements such as porticos, arches , columns , exedras , swimming pools, wooden kiosks, pergolas , arbours, and even artificial grottos nymphaea.
Islamic culture in Spain greatly influenced Spanish gardening. They usually had a fountain in the middle, surrounded by a walkway and greenery. During the Renaissance , topiary grew in popularity, and gardens were filled with sculptures from Italy and Flanders. Philip II also greatly influenced Spanish gardening. He created many new gardens, and imported several foreign plants such as the English Elm tree.
Books by Juan Bassegoda Nonell
Bassegoda Nonell, Juan Overview. Publication Timeline. Most widely held works about Juan Bassegoda Nonell. Most widely held works by Juan Bassegoda Nonell. Gaudi is one of the most fascinating figures in modern architecture, and he holds a special place within the Modernisme and Catalan Renaixensa movements that coalesced at the turn of the century. Drawings were essential to Gaudi's creative process, which involved numerous preparatory studies leading to a final design. This publication catalogues the complete body of drawings that are known--some were lost, known through photographs, and others rediscovered as late as July drawings that through various turns of fate survived the wanton destruction of hundreds of Gaudi drawings during the political upheaval of in Catalonia.
Gardening in Spain