Frequency of pressure ulcers and its related factors in elderly patients admitted to the Medicine wards at a general hospital. Lima, Peru. Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia. Rev Med Hered ; Objective : To assess the frequency of pressure ulcers and its related factors in elderly patients admitted to the Medicine wards at a national hospital. Material and methods : Prospective and observational study.
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Pressure ulcers in gerontology: Prevalence and defining variables of injuries and patients. Alcoi Alicante. Hemos realizado un estudio observacional, descriptivo de prevalencia retrospectivo. The prevalence of pressure sores in institutionalized elderly is a worrisome topic developing Nursing Care Plans. Bedsores are the result of a set of factors: prolonged bed rest, reduced mobility, malnutrition, physiological disorders, incontinence and so on.
The purpose of this study is to determine and specify patients characteristics with pressure ulcers, as well as some aspects related to strategies and current practices in order to prevent this disease in nursing home. I have developed an observational, descriptive retrospective prevalence. The data was collected during one-year period September September To calculate the epidemiology of pressure ulcers, it will be used classification guidelines and epidemiological indicators recommended by GNEAUPP.
According to the study design, various descriptive statistics will be used: Frequency values, measures of central tendency and dispersion, as well as contingency tables. A sample of patients was studied, of whom 56 were men and women, with a mean age of 83 years and a standard deviation of The prevalence of having pressure ulcers was studied, it was checked with different predisposing factors and its behaviour was studied with preventive measures.
Is important to perform periodically systematic studies of prevalence in order to know its real importance at all levels and to address effective and efficient treatment policies and prevention. Key words: pressure ulcers, prevalence, prevention, nursing homes.
Todas las escalas que han aparecido posteriormente y que derivan de la Norton han incluido la incontinencia urinaria y fecal como factores de riesgo 4,5. Desde los estudios realizados por Jordan y cols. En el 3. Cuidados de la piel. Es imprescindible protocolizar los cambios posturales a los pacientes con movilidad reducida. Cuidados nutricionales. Pancorbo y cols.
Hemos desarrollado un estudio observacional, descriptivo de prevalencia retrospectivo. En referencia a la escala Norton, en la tabla 1 se muestra el riesgo de padecer UPP en la totalidad de los pacientes.
Del mismo modo, observamos en la tabla 2 el riesgo de padecer UPP en pacientes que ya han desarrollado estas lesiones.
En el caso de analizar la inmovilidad de los pacientes y relacionarla con la presencia o ausencia de UPP, los resultados son los siguientes:. Mensualmente se registran los pacientes que tienen riesgo alto y muy alto en la escala Norton.
Al tratarse de un estudio con datos directos, podemos afirmar que la validez del estudio es elevada. Sin embargo, en el 3. En los estudios realizados por Soldevilla y cols. Realizando las comparaciones con el estudio de Soldevilla y cols.
Soldevilla y cols. Doshi y cols. Respecto de la dependencia entre variables, concluimos que existe independencia entre padecer UPP y las variables sexo y edad, mientras que existe dependencia entre la presencia de UPP y las variables incontinencia, movilidad y suplemento nutricional.
Doyma Newsletters. Nix D, Ermer-Seltun J. A review of perianal skin care protocols and skin barrier product use. Ostomy Wound Manage. A critical review of the inter relationship between skin vulnerability and urinary incontinence and related nursing intervention. Int J Nurs Stud. An investigation of geriatric nursing problems in hospital.
National Corporation for the care of old people. London: Churchill Livingstone; Ek A, Browman G. A descriptive study of pressure sores: The prevalence of pressure sores and the characteristics of patients. J Adv Nurs. Incidence of pressure-sores in the Grater Glasgow Health board area. Park-Lee E, Caffrey C. Pressure ulcers among nursing home residents: United Status, Risk assessment scale for predicting the risk of developing pressure ulcers. Science and practice of pressure ulcer management.
London: Springer-Verlag; Prevalence of decubitus ulcer and associated risk factors in an institutionalited spanish elderly population. A critical review of the interrelationship between skin vulnerability and urinary incontinence and related nursing intervention.
Enferm Integral. Servicios Personalizados Revista. Objetivos 1.
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Na fase 1 do estudo foram observados 35 pacientes no hospital 1 e 14 no hospital 2; na fase 2, 44 no hospital 1 e, 40 no hospital 2. Resultados semelhantes foram encontrados em outros estudos. A comparative study of an alternating air mattress for the prevention of pressure ulcers in surgical patients. Ostomy Wound Manage.
It publishes original research articles on nursing interventions on the critically ill patient Intensive Care, semi-critical, Emergency Department, as well outside the hospital , not only in adults, but also in newborns, infants and children in their different healthcare environments. Its aim is to promote the improvement of knowledge by publishing original research and other works that could help nursing professionals improve their daily practice. The Journal accepts articles for review from multidisciplinary teams, made up mainly of nurses, intensive care physicians, anaesthetists, emergency care physicians, physiotherapists, nutritionists, and psychologists. CiteScore measures average citations received per document published. Read more. SRJ is a prestige metric based on the idea that not all citations are the same.
Evaluation of the cost of treating pressure ulcers in hospitalized patients using industrialized dressings. This work aimed to identify a critical factor that increases demand and cost of wound dresses. The evaluation conducted at the Neurosurgery Department identified individuals at risk of pressure ulcer development. Sixty-two patients were evaluated and the prevalence of pressure ulcer was Pressure ulcer is a key quality indicator in health services. It is possible to reduce costs and offer higher quality public health services by implementing a training program of nursing staff using a preventive measure protocol based on a test to evaluate risk as Braden Scale. Hanson et al.