Laplanche is best known for his work on psychosexual development and Sigmund Freud 's seduction theory , and wrote more than a dozen books on psychoanalytic theory. The journal Radical Philosophy described him as "the most original and philosophically informed psychoanalytic theorist of his day. In his adolescence he was active in Catholic Action , a left-wing social justice organization. In —47, he visited Harvard University for a year.
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Laplanche is best known for his work on psychosexual development and Sigmund Freud 's seduction theory , and wrote more than a dozen books on psychoanalytic theory. The journal Radical Philosophy described him as "the most original and philosophically informed psychoanalytic theorist of his day.
In his adolescence he was active in Catholic Action , a left-wing social justice organization. In —47, he visited Harvard University for a year. Instead of joining that university's philosophy department, he instead studied at the Department of Social Relations, and became interested in psychoanalytic theory.
After returning to France, Laplanche began attending lectures and undergoing psychoanalytic treatment under Jacques Lacan. Laplanche, advised by Lacan, began studying medicine, and eventually earned his doctorate and became an analyst himself, joining the International Psychoanalytical Association , of which he remained a member until his death. Laplanche continued his political activity. In , Laplanche was one of the founding members of the organization Socialisme ou Barbarie Socialism or Barbarism after breaking with Trotskyism , but notes that the group's "atmosphere soon became impossible", due to the influence of Cornelius Castoriadis , who "exerted hegemony over the journal.
Laplanche for many years ran Chateau de Pommard , a French vineyard, together with his wife Nadine. The Laplanches lived on the estate and made wine for a number of years.
In , the couple sold the estate to new owners. The deal included an agreement that the Laplanches would remain on the estate and continue for some time to participate in the winemaking process. Nadine Laplanche died in spring Jean Laplanche seemed to live exclusively in Pommard until his death two years later. Jean Laplanche was one of the founders of the Association Psychanalytique de France and served also as its president in — Laplanche was granted honorary doctorates from the University of Lausanne , the University of Buenos Aires , and the University of Athens.
He was the winner of the Mary S. Sigourney Award Laplanche was also made a Knight of Arts and Letters in Jean Laplanche was an Emeritus Professor of the University of Paris, where he taught from until he introduced the teaching of psychoanalysis in the "U.
He supervised theses of students, who are now teaching "psychoanalysis in the university" title of the research-review founded by Jean Laplanche: — in France and elsewhere in the world especially in Latin America. Laplanche published his first book in The following year, he was invited to a position at the Sorbonne by Daniel Lagache.
Since then, Laplanche maintained a regular publication schedule. Together with colleague Jean-Bertrand Pontalis , Laplanche in published The Language of Psycho-Analysis , which has become a standard encyclopedic reference on psychoanalysis. It was translated into English in , and its thirteenth French edition was published in Laplanche was president of the Association Psychoanalytique de France from to , being succeeded by Pontalis.
Of his work on Freud's seduction theory , he said,. But before saying that we must revise the theory, we must know it.
And I think that ignorance concerning the seduction theory causes people to go back to something pre-analytic. By discussing the seduction theory we are doing justice to Freud, perhaps doing Freud better justice than he did himself.
He forgot the importance of his theory, and its very meaning, which was not just the importance of external events. Laplanche proposed 'a reformulation of Freud's seduction theory as a truly general theory of the origins of the repressed unconscious, rather than a mere etiological hypothesis about neurotic symptoms'. Laplanche highlights '"enigmatic signifiers" Following the introduction of the theory of generalized seduction, Laplanche published a collection of essays under the title "The Unfinished Copernican Revolution" which referred specifically to the "object" of psychoanalysis, the unconscious — the generalised seduction theory emphasising that such a revolution is "incomplete.
Freud, who repeatedly compared the psychoanalytic discovery to a Copernican revolution, was for Laplanche both "his own Copernicus but also his own Ptolemy. Thus 'what Laplanche calls Freud's "going astray", a disastrous shift from a Copernican to a Ptolemaic conception of the psyche The category of gender, says Jean Laplanche, is often "absent or unnoticed" in Freud. It is the child in the presence of adults, which raises the question of this difference which exists in adults.
Gender assignment "is a complex process of acts which extends into the language and behavior of the child's significant others, its entourage". The child is "bombarded" by "prescriptive" messages which it has to translate and make sense of — 'messages of gender assignment, all those provided by the adults close to the child: parents, grandparents, brothers and sisters. Their fantasies, their unconscious or preconscious expectations'. But instead of organizing it, it is organized by the latter.
One key distinction between Laplanche's approach to psychoanalysis and most of those in the English-speaking world — Object relations theory , Ego psychology and Kleinian thought —is Laplanche's insistence on a distinction between drive Trieb and instinct Instinkt. In contrast to the English-speaking schools, Laplanche—in some ways following Lacan—removes a biologically reductive basis from human sexuality. Since , the translation in English of Jean Laplanche's complete works has begun.
Diccionario de Psicoanalisis
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Diccionario Psicoanalisis by Jean Laplanche Pontalis