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The aim of this study was to examine the relationships among physical self-perception, body image and motor performance in Italian middle school students. Girls, when compared with boys, and overweight and obese participants, when compared with normal-weight peers, reported lower perceived and actual physical competence, higher perceived body fat and greater body dissatisfaction.
Body dissatisfaction mediated all the associations between body mass index BMI and the different aspects of physical self-perception in boys, but not in girls.
The same pattern of results was found for physical self-perception as a mediator of the relationship between BMI and body dissatisfaction. In conclusion, obesity proved to have adverse effects on both motor performance and physical self-perception. Publisher: amsciepub. The main purposes of the present study were to substantiate the existence of the four types of performance categories i. A year-old athlete of the Italian shooting team, and a year-old athlete of the Italian dart-throwing team participated in the study.
Findings provided preliminary evidence of psychophysiological and postural differences among four performance categories as conceptualized within the MAP model. Monitoring the entire spectrum of psychophysiological and behavioural features related to the different types of performance is important to develop and implement biofeedback and neurofeedback techniques aimed at helping athletes to identify individual zones of optimal functioning and to enhance their performance.
View on link. Publisher: ncbi. It has been shown that elite pistol shooters are characterized by a power increase of wide cortical electroencephalographic EEG alpha about Hz and beta about Hz rhythms during the preparation of air pistol shots, possibly Dispositional goal orientations, motivational climate, and psychobiosocial states in youth sport more. Relationship between performance and heart rate variability in amateur basketball players during playoffs more. Aim: The purpose was to investigate the relationship between Heart Rate Variability HRV and performance in players of a basketball team during playoffs.
HRV has become the conventionally accepted term to describe variations of both HRV has become the conventionally accepted term to describe variations of both instantaneous heart rate and RR intervals Task Force, The cardiovascular system is mostly controlled by autonomic regulation through the activity of sympathetic and parasympathetic pathways of the autonomic nervous system.
Analysis of HRV permits insight in this control mechanism. View on researchgate. Functional impact of emotions on athletic performance: Comparing the IZOF model and the directional perception approach more. Publisher: informaworld. Behavioural and psychophysiological correlates of athletic performance: a test of the multi-action plan model more.
Competence, achievement goals, motivational climate, and pleasant psychobiosocial states in youth sport more. Fifty amateur basketball players 33 men and Fifty amateur basketball players 33 men and 17 women aged from 17 to 30 yrs Twenty-eight athletes 16 men and 12 women completed the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Sport RESTQ-Sport in the preseason phase, after a training-period of 21 days, and in the competition phase during the play-off period.
Moreover, differences between preseason and competition phases were shown on Emotional Stress and Fatigue, with higher scores on Emotional Stress and lower scores on Fatigue in the competition phase. View on journals. Striving for excellence: A multi-action plan intervention model for Shooters more. Design A longitudinal design was adopted to assess the intervention effects over two years.
Methods Fifteen participants, two female and three male carbine shooters, and five female and five male pistol shooters, took part in the study. First, shooters were requested to accurately and extensively describe their usually optimal sequence of actions for the execution of a single shot from start to follow-through.
Second, shooters were asked to identify a small number of the most important core components three or four deemed fundamental to optimal performance. Third, performers were engaged in several shooting sessions and asked to assess themselves by rating the quality of each core component. Finally, the most influential core components were further assessed under conditions of increased distress and simulated competition.
Results Core component ratings were linked to shooting scores classified as optimal or suboptimal. The full links among core component scores and the full range of shooting scores were also examined through path analysis. Conclusions Findings highlighted the benefits of using the MAP intervention model in the preparation of elite level shooters. View on sciencedirect. Age-related differences in actual and perceived physical activity were investigated in a sample of adolescent girls, also considering the relationship between physical activity and motor abilities.
Self-reported physical activity was The Sit-and-Reach Test was employed to estimate flexibility, while lower limb strength was measured by squat jump and counter-movement jump tests. Weight and height were measured, and sex-specific age-related Body Mass Index cutoff points were used to identify overweight and obesity.
Findings showed a drop in objective vigorous physical activity in older girls, which was also reflected in the Physical Activity Questionnaire.
Contrary to expectations, no association was found between motor abilities and measured physical activity. Results highlight the need to understand the reasons why girls progressively reduce their involvement in physical activity as they get older, so as to plan interventions aimed at preventing this decline. View on amsciepub. Mental preparation strategies of elite modern pentathletes more.
Temporal pattern of pre-shooting psycho-physiological states in elite athletes: A probabilistic approach more. So far, the time course of physiological data before performance has not been investigated within the So far, the time course of physiological data before performance has not been investigated within the probabilistic methodology framework.
Design: Longitudinal assessment of psycho-physiological data and performance outcomes was conducted on eight elite pistol shooters in a controlled setting. Methods: Each participant performed 60 air-pistol shots in 2 sessions. Skin conductance level and cardiac activity were recorded.
Affective states intensity was evaluated on a modified point Borg scale. Affect, HR and SC level were evaluated with a Performance-based approach and a Probabilistic method, and results compared at an individual level. From an applied perspective, we believe that the probabilistic approach can help athletes become aware of the subtle variations occurring in their psychophysical states during the preparatory period preceding the shot and not only at the moment of shot release.
Pre- and post- performance emotions in gymnastics competitions more. We examined the item characteristics, the factor structure, and the concurrent validity of a trait measure of psychobiosocial states.
The concurrent validity of the PBS-ST scale scores were also examined in comparison with two sport-specific emotion-related measures and a general measure of affect. Exploratory structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis of the data of Study 1 showed that a 2-factor, item solution of the PBS-ST scale 8 functional items and 7 dysfunctional items reached satisfactory fit indices for the three dimensions i.
Results of Study 2 provided evidence of substantial measurement and structural invariance of all dimensions across samples. The low association of the PBS-ST scale with other measures suggests that the scale taps unique constructs. Findings of the two studies offer initial validity evidence for a sport-specific tool to measure psychobiosocial states. Sport Psychology , Emotion , and Assessment. Hyperbrain features of team mental models within a juggling paradigm: a proof of concept more.
Research on cooperative behavior and the social brain exists, but little research has been performed on real-time motor cooperative behavior and its neural correlates.
In this proof of concept study, we explored the conceptual In this proof of concept study, we explored the conceptual notion of shared and complementary mental models through EEG mapping of two brains performing a real-world interactive motor task of increasing difficulty.
We used the recently introduced participative "juggling paradigm", and collected neuro-physiological and psycho-social data. We were interested in verifying the between-brains coupling during a dyadic juggling task, and in exploring the relationship between the motor task execution, the jugglers' skill level and the task difficulty. We also investigated how this relationship could be mirrored in the coupled functional organization of the interacting brains. Two studies were conducted to develop a profiling procedure to assess eight Two studies were conducted to develop a profiling procedure to assess eight modalities of performance-related states.
In Study 1, six high-level athletes assessed their states before most successful and unsuccessful performances using a preliminary item stimulus list developed by a panel of four emotion researchers. In Study 2, five top-level divers assessed their states before multiple dives three successful and three unsuccessful using a revised item list. The perceived impact on performance was also examined using an open-ended question.
Individual profiles reflected two typical curves discriminating successful and unsuccessful performances. High individual variability in item content and intensity was found. Athletes reported a wide range of interrelated experiences associated with their performances.
Psychological Assessment , Emotions , and Sports Psychology. Specifically, we examined the Specifically, we examined the hypothesised mediational role of motivation regulations in the climate—emotion relationship. We also tested a sequence in which emotions were assumed to be predicted by the motivational climate dimensions and then served as antecedents to variability in motivation regulations.
Structural equation modelling SEM revealed that a perceived task-involving climate was a positive predictor of autonomous motivation and of the impact of functional anger, and a negative predictor of the intensity of anxiety and dysfunctional anger. Autonomous motivation was a partial mediator of perceptions of a task-involving climate and the impact of functional anger. An ego-involving climate was a positive predictor of controlled motivation, and of the intensity and impact of functional anger and the intensity of dysfunctional anger.