Latex—bacteriolytic, promotes healing of abscesses. Juice of the plant—applied to glandular swellings and abscesses for promoting suppuration. Root—used for diarrhoea, asthma, skin diseases. Unripe fruit—acrid, astringent. Ripe fruit—cooling, laxative, difficult to digest.
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Nutritional assessment of a jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus meal. The mature jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus is consumed in Sri Lanka either as a main meal or a meal accompaniment. However, there is no scientific data on the nutrient compositions of cooked jackfruit meals.
Thus, the objective of the study was to carry out a nutritional assessment of a composite jackfruit breakfast meal comprising seeds and flesh. The study was carried out in a random cross over design. Setting University of Sri Jayewardenepura. The macronutrient contents, rapidly and slowly available glucose SAG contents, water solubility index of the jackfruit meal were determined according to standard methods.
Jack seeds contained 4. Jackfruit meal elicited a GI of The Glycaemic Load GL of the normal serving size of the meal is medium. The boiled jackfruit flesh contained disintegrated starch granules while seeds contained intact swollen and disintegrated granules. The meal is categorized as a low GI meal. The low GI could be dueto the collective contributions from dietary fibre, slowly available glucose and un-gelatinised intact starch granules in the seeds.
A flower in fruit's clothing: Pollination of jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus, Moraceae by a new species of gall midge, Clinodiplosis ultracrepidata sp. Diptera: Cecidomyiidae. Premise of the Research: Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus, Moraceae is an emerging but underutilized crop whose pollination is poorly understood. We present a multidimensional investigation of the reproductive biology and chemical ecology of jackfruit and a putative pollinator, Clinodiplosis ult Screening antimutagenic and antiproliferative properties of extracts isolated from Jackfruit pulp Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.
The present focused on the study of the antimutagenic and antiproliferative potential of pulp Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam extract, using Salmonella typhimurium tester strains TA98 and TA with metabolic activation S9 and a cancer cell line M F6 murine B-cell lymphoma , respectively.
Jackfruit pulp extract was sequentially fractionated by chromatography RP-HPLC and each fraction was tested for antimutagenic and antiproliferative activities. The organic extracts obtained from Jackfruit pulp reduced the number of revertants caused by aflatoxin B1 AFB1 and proliferation of cells M F6; a dose-response relationship was showed. These results suggested that the Jackfruit contained compounds with chemoprotective properties to reduce the mutagenicity of AFB1, also proliferation of a cancer cell line.
All rights reserved. Evaluation of genetic diversity in jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Yet, it has been little explored commercially due to wide variation in fruit quality. The genetic diversity and genetic relatedness of 50 jackfruit accessions were studied using amplified fragment length polymorphism markers. Of 16 primer pairs evaluated, eight were selected for screening of genotypes based on the number and quality of polymorphic fragments produced.
Among the jackfruit accessions, the similarity coefficient ranged from 0. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis grouped all jackfruit genotypes into three major clusters.
Cluster I included the genotypes grown in a jackfruit region of Karnataka, called Tamaka, with very dry conditions; cluster II contained the genotypes collected from locations having medium to heavy rainfall in Karnataka; cluster III grouped the genotypes in distant locations with different environmental conditions.
Strong coincidence of these amplified fragment length polymorphism-based groupings with geographical localities as well as morphological characters was observed. We found moderate genetic diversity in these jackfruit accessions. This information should be useful for tree breeding programs, as part of our effort to popularize jackfruit as a commercial crop.
Evaluation of antioxidant capacity and phenol content in jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. The antioxidant capacity of jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.
The ethanol and water are the best solvents for the extracting phenols and flavonoids from the JFP. The antioxidant activities of JFP extracts were correlated with the total phenolic and flavonoids content.
The results indicated that the jackfruit pulp is one natural source of antioxidant compounds. Effect of CMC and arabic gum in the manufacture of jackfruit velva Artocarpus heterophyllus. Jackfruit is a raw material for the manufacture of velva because of the high fiber content of 2. The use of a stabilizers combination of CMC and arabic gum in the manufacture of velva will provide a better gel mix than single use.
The purpose of this research is to know the influence of variation of CMC and arabic gum stabilizer on the characteristics physical, chemical, and sensory of jackfruit velva Artocarpus heterophyllus and determine variations in the most appropriate combinations of stabilizers to produce jackfruit velva with the best quality.
This research applied Completely Randomized Design consist of one factor which is the combination of CMC and arabic gum levels in the making of jackfruit velva with two replicates and two replications of the analysis. The results of this study concluded that the jackfruit velva with the addition of various concentrations of CMC and arabic gum is significantly affecting the taste, texture and overall parameters, but no significant difference on the color and flavor parameters of jackfruit velva.
Based on the results of physical characteristics, chemical and sensory jackfruit velva with the addition of a stabilizing concentration of CMC and arabic gum 1: 1 result in best jackfruit velva. The best jackfruit velva with stabilizing the concentration of CMC and arabic gum 1: 1 contains a water content of As for the color attribute score 3.
PubMed Central. Rosa, J. Rather, it possesses a short, glycine-rich linker that unites the regions homologous to the alpha- and beta-chains of jacalin. The results of homology modeling implicate the linker sequence in sterically impeding rotation of the side chain of Asp within the binding site pocket. As a consequence, the aspartic acid is locked into a conformation adequate only for the recognition of equatorial hydroxyl groups on the C4 epimeric center alpha-D-mannose, alpha-D-glucose, and their derivatives.
In contrast, the internal cleavage of the jacalin chain permits free rotation of the homologous aspartic acid, rendering it capable of accepting hydrogen bonds from both possible hydroxyl configurations on C4. We suggest that, together with direct recognition of epimeric hydroxyls and the steric exclusion of disfavored ligands, conformational restriction of the lectin should be considered to be a new mechanism by which selectivity may be built into carbohydrate binding sites.
Despite presenting little or no sequence similarity, an analysis of the beta-prism reveals a canonical feature repeatedly present in all such structures, which is based on six largely hydrophobic residues within a beta-hairpin containing two classic-type beta-bulges. We suggest the term beta-prism motif to describe this feature.
Transcriptome and selected metabolite analyses reveal points of sugar metabolism in jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. The edible part of the fruit develops from the perianths, and contains many sugar-derived compounds. However, its sugar metabolism is poorly understood. A fruit perianth transcriptome was sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq platform, producing 32, unigenes with an average length of nt. Sugar metabolism was characterized by comparing expression patterns of genes related to sugar metabolism and evaluating correlations with enzyme activity and sugar accumulation during fruit perianth development.
During early development, high expression levels of acid invertases and corresponding enzyme activities were responsible for the rapid utilization of imported sucrose for fruit growth. The differential expression of starch metabolism-related genes and corresponding enzyme activities were responsible for starch accumulated before fruit ripening but decreased during ripening.
Sucrose accumulated during ripening, when the expression levels of genes for sucrose synthesis were elevated and high enzyme activity was observed. The comprehensive transcriptome analysis presents fundamental information on sugar metabolism and will be a useful reference for further research on fruit perianth development in jackfruit. Jacalin: a jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus seed-derived lectin of versatile applications in immunobiological research.
Jacalin, the major protein from the jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus seeds, is a tetrameric two-chain lectin molecular mass 65 kDa combining a heavy alpha chain of amino acid residues with a light beta chain of amino acid residues. It is highly specific for the alpha-O-glycoside of the disaccharide Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen Gal betaGalNAc , even in its sialylated form. This property has made jacalin suitable for studying various O-linked glycoproteins, particularly human IgA1.
The abundance of source material for the production of jacalin, its ease of purification, yield and stability have made it an attractive cost-effective lectin. It has found applications in diverse areas such as the isolation of human plasma glycoproteins IgA1, C1-inhibitor, hemopexin, alpha2-HSG , the investigation of IgA-nephropathy, the analysis of O-linked glycoproteins and the detection of tumours.
Ultrasound assisted extraction of natural dye from jackfruit 's wood Artocarpus heterophyllus : The effect of ethanol concentration as a solvent. Azo dye is resistand to decomposition process and harmfull for the environment and human being. Natural dye can be used as substitution of azo dye at textile industry.
Natural dye are eco - friendly and can be applied for dyeing of fibrous material. Natural dye can be obtained from natural origin such as leaves, wood, or roots. The wood of jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus can used as natural source of natural dye. Ultrasound assisted extraction UAE is a new method that can be used to extract natural dye from jackfruit 's wood. The aim of this research are to study about influence of ethanol concentration as solvent and extraction kinetic.
Jackfruit 's wood dust from sawmill used for the experimentation were sifted by sieve 35 mesh. Experiment were carried out from 20 to 50 minutes. The result of this experiment shows that ethanol concentration influenced yield of extraction from jackfruit 's wood. Concentration of ethanol will be affected polarity of solvent. The Peleg model was used to describe about kinetic model of natural dye extraction.
Value of k1 and k2 constant are 0. Effect of pH fermentation on production bioethanol from jackfruit seeds Artocarpus heterophyllus through separate fermentation hydrolysis method. Bioethanol is one of the alternative energy sourced from natural products containing carbohydrates through hydrolysis and fermentation process. Jackfruit seeds is one of the feedstock that contain high carbohydrate content but less utilized. The aims of this study to determine the effect of pH hydrolysis in the process of production bioethanol from jackfruit seeds Artocarpus heterophyllus through separate fermentation hydrolysis SHF method.
The hydrolysis process uses H2SO4 as a hydrolyzing agent. The fermentation process used Saccharomyces cereviceae as a fermentor with a variation of pH 2,3 4 and 5 for 70 hours. The fermentation stage has an important role in increasing the levels of glucose and bioethanol in linear.
The content of glucose and bioethanol of jackfruit seeds showed a great potential for development as the feedstock in bioethanol production. We carried out a six-year study aimed at evaluating if and how a Brazilian Atlantic Forest small mammal community responded to the presence of the invasive exotic species Artocarpus heterophyllus, the jackfruit tree.
In the surroundings of Vila Dois Rios, Ilha Grande, RJ, 18 grids were established, 10 where the jackfruit tree was present and eight were it was absent. Previous results indicated that the composition and abundance of this small mammal community were altered by the presence and density of A.
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Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Synonyms Artocarpus brasiliensis Ortega Artocarpus integrifolia var. Polyphema jaca Lour. Saccus arboreus major Rumph. Sitodium cauliflorum Gaertn. Tsjaka-maram Rheede. Diagnostics Tree with abundant white sap.
Nutritional assessment of a jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus meal. The mature jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus is consumed in Sri Lanka either as a main meal or a meal accompaniment. However, there is no scientific data on the nutrient compositions of cooked jackfruit meals. Thus, the objective of the study was to carry out a nutritional assessment of a composite jackfruit breakfast meal comprising seeds and flesh. The study was carried out in a random cross over design. Setting University of Sri Jayewardenepura. The macronutrient contents, rapidly and slowly available glucose SAG contents, water solubility index of the jackfruit meal were determined according to standard methods.
Nutritional assessment of a jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus meal. The mature jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus is consumed in Sri Lanka either as a main meal or a meal accompaniment. However, there is no scientific data on the nutrient compositions of cooked jackfruit meals. Thus, the objective of the study was to carry out a nutritional assessment of a composite jackfruit breakfast meal comprising seeds and flesh. The study was carried out in a random cross over design. Setting University of Sri Jayewardenepura.