ANEMIE APLASIQUE PDF

You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your version in order to view the pharmaprix. The blood that circulates throughout the body performs a number of critical functions. It delivers oxygen, removes carbon dioxide, and carries life-sustaining nutrients. By acting as the vehicle for long-distance messengers such as hormones, blood helps the various parts of the body communicate with each other. This is carried out by blood cells working in partnership with the liquid part of the blood plasma.

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Idiopathic aplastic anemia is a type of anemia in which your bone marrow stops making new blood cells. This can cause major health complications. RBCs are responsible for carrying oxygen.

When you are anemic, your body does not transport oxygen efficiently and this can make you tired and weak. RBCs carry oxygen using a protein called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is necessary for efficient oxygen transport. It tightly binds oxygen in areas with high oxygen and then releases it in areas that need oxygen. Hemoglobin also makes your blood look red. Hemoglobin contains iron, which is necessary for hemoglobin to bind oxygen. Many cases of anemia stem from an iron deficiency.

These types of anemia are easily treatable. However, aplastic anemia starts with a bone marrow problem and it is not caused by iron deficiency. The condition is rare, but it can be fatal if left untreated. If you have symptoms of aplastic anemia, see your doctor right away. The symptoms of aplastic anemia are similar to those of general anemia. When your RBC count is low, you may experience:. The effects of idiopathic aplastic anemia on WBC levels are not easy to detect.

However, with fewer WBCs you will be more susceptible to infections. This process is disrupted in people with aplastic anemia. Stem cells are damaged and too few blood cells are made.

Numerous conditions can damage your bone marrow. In people with idiopathic aplastic anemia, the cause of that damage is often unknown and several factors have been linked to it.

Some scientists believe that aplastic anemia may be an autoimmune condition. In autoimmune diseases, the body attacks its own cells like an infection. Other possible causes include:. Although rare, it is possible that aplastic anemia can be inherited. Aplastic anemia is not caused by iron deficiency. All types of anemia are first diagnosed with a blood test. If your doctor suspects aplastic anemia, you may need a bone marrow biopsy.

A needle will be inserted into your hip bone to collect the marrow. The sample will be examined to see how many stem cells are present. Your doctor will classify your idiopathic aplastic anemia as acute or chronic. Acute cases come on suddenly and they are quite severe.

Chronic cases develop more slowly. However, they are just as difficult to treat. Treatment depends on the severity of your condition. Stopping a medication or staying away from possible chemicals may be recommended.

Many moderate cases require blood and platelet transfusions. Transfusions are generally necessary for acute cases. Bone marrow transplants can be used to treat severe cases.

This procedure replaces your stem cells with those from a donor. The treatment works best in people under 40 years who have sibling donors. To prevent heavy blood loss that cannot be replaced fast enough by the body, ablation is an option for endometriosis.

Severe and acute idiopathic aplastic anemia can be fatal. Proper treatment is key. Younger people have the best survival rates, as they generally respond well to treatment. There is no known way to prevent idiopathic aplastic anemia. Pay attention to your body and talk to your doctor if you develop anemia symptoms. Prompt treatment can help keep you feeling well. Having sex for the first time can be a little nerve-racking, no matter who you are or who you want to have sex with.

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Symptoms of Aplastic Anemia. Causes of Aplastic Anemia. Diagnosing Idiopathic Aplastic Anemia. Treatment Options for Aplastic Anemia. Long-Term Outlook. Aplastic Anemia Prevention. Medically reviewed by Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph. Read this next. How Do Lesbians Have Sex? Medically reviewed by Jill Seladi-Schulman, Ph. Yes, States Are Reopening. The Best Telemedicine Apps of Need to see a doctor, but can't find the time to make it happen?

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There were no differences between the two groups when comparing age, sex, etiology of aplasia, disease duration, severity of aplasia, or pretherapy granulocyte counts. Causes of death included hemorrhage, infection, evolution to acute leukemia, and complications of subsequent bone marrow transplantation. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features!

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Category:Aplastic anemias

Aplastic anemia is a condition that occurs when your body stops producing enough new blood cells. The condition leaves you fatigued and more prone to infections and uncontrolled bleeding. A rare and serious condition, aplastic anemia can develop at any age. It can occur suddenly, or it can come on slowly and worsen over time. It can be mild or severe.

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Aplastic Anemia

Idiopathic aplastic anemia is a type of anemia in which your bone marrow stops making new blood cells. This can cause major health complications. RBCs are responsible for carrying oxygen. When you are anemic, your body does not transport oxygen efficiently and this can make you tired and weak. RBCs carry oxygen using a protein called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is necessary for efficient oxygen transport. It tightly binds oxygen in areas with high oxygen and then releases it in areas that need oxygen.

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