ACIDOBACTERIUM CAPSULATUM PDF

The phylum Acidobacteria is one of the most widespread and abundant on the planet, yet remarkably our knowledge of the role of these diverse organisms in the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems remains surprisingly rudimentary. This blatant knowledge gap stems to a large degree from the difficulties associated with the cultivation of these bacteria by classical means. Given the phylogenetic breadth of the Acidobacteria , which is similar to the metabolically diverse Proteobacteria , it is clear that detailed and functional descriptions of acidobacterial assemblages are necessary. Fortunately, recent advances are providing a glimpse into the ecology of members of the phylum Acidobacteria. These include novel cultivation and enrichment strategies, genomic characterization and analyses of metagenomic DNA from environmental samples.

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We'd like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest. Acidobacterium is proposed as a new genus for the acidophilic, chemoorganotrophic bacteria containing menaquinone isolated from acidic mineral environments. Acidobacterium capsulatum is proposed for the single Acidobacterium species which consists of eight strains Biogroup 5.

The members of this species are gram-negative, aerobic, mesophilic, non-spore-forming, capsulated, saccharolytic, and rod-shaped bacteria. They are motile by peritrichous flagella. They can grow between pH 3. Oxidase and urease are negative. The DNA base composition is The major isoprenoid quinone is menaquinone with eight isoprene units MK The major fatty acid is methyltetradecanoic acid. From phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characters, these member do not belong to any known taxa of gram-negative bacteria.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Christensen WB Urea decomposition as means of differentiating Proteus and Paracolon cultures from each other.

J Bacteriol — Google Scholar. Collins MD, Jones D Distribution of isoprenoid quinone structural types in bacteria and their taxonomic implications. Microbiol Rev — Syst Appl Microbiol — Harrison AP Jr Acidiphilium cryptum gen. Int J Syst Bacteriol — J Gen Appl Microbiol — Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, pp — Kishimoto N, Tano T Acidophilic heterotrophic bacteria isolated from acidic mine drainage, sewage, and soils.

Jpn J Med Sci Biol — J Appl Microbiol — Appl Environ Microbiol — Download references. Reprints and Permissions. Kishimoto, N. Acidobacterium capsulatum gen. Current Microbiology 22, 1—7 Download citation. Issue Date : January Search SpringerLink Search.

Abstract Acidobacterium is proposed as a new genus for the acidophilic, chemoorganotrophic bacteria containing menaquinone isolated from acidic mineral environments. Literature Cited 1. Noriaki Kishimoto View author publications. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. View author publications. Rights and permissions Reprints and Permissions. About this article Cite this article Kishimoto, N.

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Acidobacteria capsulatum

We'd like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest. Acidobacterium is proposed as a new genus for the acidophilic, chemoorganotrophic bacteria containing menaquinone isolated from acidic mineral environments. Acidobacterium capsulatum is proposed for the single Acidobacterium species which consists of eight strains Biogroup 5. The members of this species are gram-negative, aerobic, mesophilic, non-spore-forming, capsulated, saccharolytic, and rod-shaped bacteria. They are motile by peritrichous flagella. They can grow between pH 3.

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Acidobacterium capsulatum is a bacterium. It is an acidophilic chemoorganotrophic bacterium containing menaquinone. It is gram-negative , facultative anaerobic, mesophilic , non- spore -forming, capsulated , saccharolytic and rod-shaped. It is also motile by peritrichous flagella. Its type strain is JCM

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NCBI: Taxonomy. Acidobacteria capsulatum A. The flagella themselves are peritrichous or found all over the surface of the cell. Another characteristic of this organism is the presence of high amounts of exopolysaccharide coating the cells from soil isolates 2. This contributes to the competitiveness of A.

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