The first part of Fetha Nagast deals with mostly ecclesiastic affairs, outlining the structure of the Church hierarchy, sacraments, and such matters. It was compiled from the Bible, writings of early Church fathers including St. Basil and St. Hippolytus , and various canons adopted at the Council of Nicaea , the Council of Antioch , and others. The second part, concerning issues pertaining to the laity, such as family law, debt, civil administration etc.

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Nevertheless, the kings continued to emphasize their Christian identity, and this factor is reflected in their adoption and endorsement of the Fetha Nagast, or Law of the Kings, in the mid-fifteenth century. This legal code had originally been written in Arabic by a Coptic Christian in Egypt, probably in the mid-thirteenth century. Translated from Greek, and with many Biblical passages added, the code connected Egyptian Christians to their Byzantine, Roman, and Judeo-Christian heritage, founding the basis of law squarely in that tradition.

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Part I - The “Fetha Nagast”: origin and structure

Following this, the chapter will present the origin of the FN according to the Ethiopian tradition that is published in the Ethiopian calendar the 0"T andmta 2 The second point that this chapter presents is the Ethiopian situation in the medieval period, because in this period the FN was introduced in Ethiopia. It deals with the restoration of the Solomonic line to power which helped the Ethiopian State to organize itself well, and at the same time the relationship between the Church and the State built up until religious nationalism was reached. In the third point of this chapter, the purpose of the FN is taken into consideration. At the end of this chapter, the abbreviations will be explained and the sources analyzed. This word introduces an alternative meaning to a word or concept that needs more than one explanation. This word is notable for having skillfully integrated whatever element it has borrowed from outside into the local culture, You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.


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Fetha Nagast


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