Apollinaire is considered one of the foremost poets of the early 20th century, as well as one of the most impassioned defenders of Cubism and a forefather of Surrealism. He is credited with coining the term "Cubism" [1] in to describe the emerging art movement , and the term "surrealism" in to describe the works of Erik Satie. The term Orphism is also his. He wrote poems without punctuation attempting to be resolutely modern in both form and subject.

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Apollinaire is considered one of the foremost poets of the early 20th century, as well as one of the most impassioned defenders of Cubism and a forefather of Surrealism. He is credited with coining the term "Cubism" [1] in to describe the emerging art movement , and the term "surrealism" in to describe the works of Erik Satie.

The term Orphism is also his. He wrote poems without punctuation attempting to be resolutely modern in both form and subject. Two years after being wounded in World War I , Apollinaire died in the Spanish flu pandemic of ; he was His maternal grandfather was a general in the Russian Imperial Army who was killed in the Crimean War. Apollinaire eventually moved from Rome to Paris [4] and became one of the most popular members of the artistic community of Paris both in Montmartre and Montparnasse.

He became romantically involved with Marie Laurencin , who is often identified as his muse. While there, he dabbled in anarchism and spoke out as a Dreyfusard in defense of Dreyfus's innocence.

In late or early , Metzinger painted a Cubist portrait of Apollinaire. In he joined the Puteaux Group, a branch of the Cubist movement soon to be known as the Section d'Or. On 7 September , police arrested and jailed him on suspicion of aiding and abetting the theft of the Mona Lisa and a number of Egyptian statuettes from the Louvre , [3] [9] but released him a week later.

Apollinaire implicated his friend Picasso, who was also brought in for questioning in the theft of the Mona Lisa , but he was also exonerated. During his lecture at the Section d'Or exhibit Apollinaire presented three of Kupka's abstract works as perfect examples of pure painting , as anti-figurative as music. According to Apollinaire Orphism represented a move towards a completely new art-form, much as music was to literature. The term Surrealism was first used by Apollinaire concerning the ballet Parade in The poet Arthur Rimbaud wanted to be a visionary, to perceive the hidden side of things within the realm of another reality.

In continuity with Rimbaud, Apollinaire went in search of a hidden and mysterious reality. Apollinaire fought in World War I and, in , received a serious shrapnel wound to the temple, from which he would never fully recover. During this period he coined the word " Surrealism " in the programme notes for Jean Cocteau 's and Erik Satie 's ballet Parade , first performed on 18 May Apollinaire's status as a literary critic is most famous and influential in his recognition of the Marquis de Sade , whose works were for a long time obscure, yet arising in popularity as an influence upon the Dada and Surrealist art movements going on in Montparnasse at the beginning of the twentieth century as, "The freest spirit that ever existed.

The war-weakened Apollinaire died of influenza during the Spanish flu pandemic of In he wrote his first novel Mirely, ou le petit trou pas cher pornographic , which was eventually lost. The poems, influenced in part by the Symbolists , juxtapose the old and the new, combining traditional poetic forms with modern imagery. He also coined the term orphism to describe a tendency towards absolute abstraction in the paintings of Robert Delaunay and others.

Apollinaire never publicly acknowledged authorship of the novel. Another erotic novel attributed to him was The Exploits of a Young Don Juan Les exploits d'un jeune Don Juan , in which the year-old hero fathers three children with various members of his entourage, including his aunt.

Shortly after his death, Mercure de France published Calligrammes , a collection of his concrete poetry poetry in which typography and layout adds to the overall effect , and more orthodox, though still modernist poems informed by Apollinaire's experiences in the First World War and in which he often used the technique of automatic writing.

In his youth Apollinaire lived for a short while in Belgium , mastering the Walloon dialect sufficiently to write poetry, some of which has survived. A Calligramme by Guillaume Apollinaire [26]. Poem by Apollinaire on a wall in Leiden. Apollinaire is played by Seth Gabel in the television series Genius , which focuses on the life and work of Pablo Picasso. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. French poet and writer. For other uses, see Apollinaire disambiguation. Judge, Harry George.

Oxford [England]: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 6 December Retrieved 24 December Kearney, A History of Erotic Literature , , pp. Visions of the Modern. Guillaume Apollinaire. The Breasts of Tiresias The Cubist Painters, Aesthetic Meditations , The Muse Inspiring the Poet painting. Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Wikisource. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Photograph of Guillaume Apollinaire in spring after a shrapnel wound to his temple. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Guillaume Apollinaire.

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Guillaume Apollinaire

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